Alar Kilp

Alar Kilp

Lecturer in comparative politics, University of Tartu



  • Democratic Innovation: Local Referendum

    08 December 2021


    RiTo No. 44, 2021

    In Estonia, innovation of democratic procedures has so far focused on deliberative institutions (e.g. people’s assembly, opinion festival) and digital means (online voting, VOLIS as a System for Local Democracy Procedures).

  • Fundamentals of Good Administration as the Reform of a Member of the Riigikogu

    05 June 2019


    RiTo No. 39, 2019

    The Resolution of the Riigikogu “The Fundamentals of the State Reform and Good Administration”, adopted on 20 February 2019, sets out seven general principles that primarily the members of the Riigikogu should keep in mind when initiating draft legislation in the Riigikogu in the future.

  • Young people running as candidates in (local) elections

    07 December 2017


    RiTo No. 36, 2017

    Young people running as candidates in (local) elections should be recognized and acknowledged as: an important type of political participation; a transition from a (largely) passive voter and bystander into an active participant in politics; an activity that is good in itself irrespective of its consequences and successes. Young candidates in elections are as important as young voters.

  • The youth on the competence of the youth in elections

    The study argues that 16 and 17 year old adolescents have minimal skills and knowledge required for a competent electoral choice. This study is based on a 10-week e-course “Basics of an Active Citizen”, which was conducted from 9 January until 20 March 2017. It involved 29 students from 24 secondary schools in Estonia taking tests on required course materials and answering two reflective questions weekly. The reflection questions were designed so that it was possible to offer different answers in a personal way without contradicting the information in weekly study materials.

  • Democratic civic education in times of crisis

    Should democratic civic education produce informed, patriotic, conformist and law-abiding citizens, or critical individuals with a mind of their own, who are capable of democratic participation both in defence of their individual interests and in extension of social justice in the democratic sense? Should all citizens, including future initiators, activists, spokespersons and contesters, first learn the sense of responsibility, conformity and patriotism? How many critical citizens does a democracy need? Do we need critical citizens in larger or smaller numbers during times of crisis?

  • Democratic functions of populism

    14 December 2015


    RiTo No. 32, 2015

    The article discusses the role of populism in transition to democracy and in the performance of consolidated liberal democracies.