Igor Gräzin

Member of the Riigikogu, Estonian Reform Party



  • Will we get lost in history? Semiotic knots in a post-modern state. Estonia

    Post-modern technological factors of societal development (Internet, digitalization, sharing economy, etc.) are objectively aimed against the fundamentals of modernistic culture. Globalization sweeps away relative economic advantages, national traditions, languages, cultural codes (rituals, carnivals, etc., as defined by Meletinsky). The migration crisis not only demonstrates this objective tendency, but also the total inability of the European elites to manage new problems of significant magnitude. Neither Merkel nor Hollande are leaders, but bookkeeper types that perform at the mid-managerial level of a mid-size company. Two crises combine to form a perfect storm: objective globalization (or Europeanization), and mediocrity in cabinets.

  • Of ethics of social sciences in the Republic of Estonia. Ambition and aplomb

    Can a scientist of a certain field assume a position of the scientist in a field which he or she does not know?

  • Eurorealism déjà vu

    16 December 2008


    RiTo No. 18, 2008

    The writer believes that five years ago, eurorealism meant the ability to see the dangers from overambitiousness and centralization of the European Union, but today realism means that the hazards lying in store for the European Union in future must be assessed soberly.

  • Behind the velvet curtain

    18 December 2003


    RiTo No. 8, 2003

    There is no point in discussing whether joining the EU is good or bad for Estonia, since the question of whether or not to join has been answered. But there is plenty of reason to discuss what Estonia must be like as an EU member.

  • The death of the presidency

    Nearly all parties have announced their intention to see the constitution in future contain a principle according to which the president would be popularly and directly elected. This consensus entails but one question: if all parties stand behind their promises with such solidarity, something must be rotten. Ask yourselves whether Estonia really needs a president at all.

  • Estonia’s constitution and the EU referendum

    The fact that Estonia's possible accession to the EU will be accompanied by changes in the foundations of our statehood is now widely accepted. Leaving the constitution unamended is not considered a possibility by either the pro-Europe camp or the Euroskeptics.

  • Constitutional Shock from America: Elections in the Postmodern Revolution

    18 June 2001


    RiTo No. 3, 2001

    The electoral crisis in the USA got the unusually lively coverage in Estonia for the following reasons: being the most important strategic partner and ally of Estonia the future of American developments and the nature of its democratic institutions are of vital interest for Estonia. The role of the USA and the preservation of America's democratic values is even more important for Estonia today as we face the strong gravitational forces from basically socialist and bureaucratic institutions of the EU. Until Estonia has to cope with the threats like the ones exercised by the EU against Austria the ally able to balance out these challenges remains in the USA.

  • The Apology of Estonian Political Culture

    31 October 2000


    RiTo No. 2, 2000

    The article seconds the essay by Prof. Taagepera by stating that a high level of democracy and parliamentary culture is based upon the general political awareness and traditions of the whole nation.