New Technologies in Public Administration
Application of information and communication technology in public administration will ring great changes in the arrangements of public administration and set new requirements in front of the institutions executing public power.
The Administrative Proceeding Act that will enter into force in Estonia as of January 1, 2002, will set new principles and quality standards before the state. The order of administrative proceedings will be liberalised in several matters, and bureaucratic agencies will be granted the freedom to organise their internal work at their own discretion, with an emphasis on the standard principles of good administration,
In world practice, our forthcoming administrative proceedings reform and the rearrangement (modernisation) of public policy that inevitably accompanies the latter are known under the term regulatory reform. The aim of public policy review and administrative proceedings taking place during a regulatory reform has in most cases been declared to be a review of existing regulations in cooperation with the public and the interested parties by preserving or improving the protection of public interests in those fields where it is necessary.
For successful implementation of the regulatory reform, the Government should rely on the experience based on the OECD research works, so as to create a reform management system, improve the quality of new regulations, and modernise the existing regulations by substantially improving their quality. The knowledgeable and harmonised application of the above is indispensable for successful implementation of the reform and systematic modernisation of administrative procedure.
By learning from the experience of other countries as well as our own, and using the models proposed by scholars and practising experts (e.g. the model of assessment of readiness for application of Internet services proposed in this article) for analysis and planning, it will be possible to define clear priorities and to attain fast and significant results with relatively little resources. Achieving this, however, implies that the decision-makers will have the will to act prudently.