Parliamentary legislation – the advantage of the free development of the Estonian state
Part II of the article (part I was published in The Riigikogu Toimetised No. 11) provides an overview of the work of legislators of the 7th, 8th and 9th Riigikogu in regulating state revenue and expenditures, environmental protection and promoting market economy relations, also in developing enterprise and economic reforms, resolving social and cultural issues and managing the country’s international relations.
The development of some laws is shown briefly from their genesis as an unembroidered framework act to a set of regulations that thoroughly regulates the field. Examples of such laws are the Competition Act, the family benefits act and the pensions act. Other characteristic acts are chosen on the basis of their strategic importance or general interest (such as the Alcohol Act).
The article attempts to shed some light on the complexity of creating the Estonian justice system, as it required parliament to make decisions on rebuilding sovereignty and international relations as well as the provision of the conditions necessary for promoting the domestic market economy, the resolution of social problems related to the changes in societal organization, and above all protection of the Estonian people and promoting the development of its culture. In cooperation with various memberships of the Government, the Riigikogu was successful in meeting all of these difficult challenges.