How Russian Organized Crime Rings Developed
Russian organized crime was created by the shadow economy and the criminal subculture.
Prison camps became the primary breeding ground for criminals. The criminal subculture cum the world of thieves reached a peak in the 1950s. The Soviet elite became an obstacle preventing progress toward a post-industrial society and caused a downturn in the economy, providing impetus for the shadow economy and organized crime. The collapse of the Soviet Union affected the economy and the justice system, and flexible organized crime expropriated a large part of state holdings as private property. The medium on which Russian organized crime thrives is an unstable economy and social sphere.